AAA: Authentication, Authorization and Auditing
Authentication can occur without the use of external servers: AAA file, LTPA and a Validation credential object, SAML token (?). Can use the external Systems: LDAP, SAML, Tivoli, RADIUS
When hitting a webpage, a browser artifact on a third party server can be pointed to embedded in the URL of the request.
Mapping Credentials: Map a credential from one system format to another. Same with Mapping Requested Resource.
Post-Processing steps: to inject the credentials into a message from a different format than the input.